The Effectiveness of a Parent-Training Program for Promoting Cognitive Performance in Preschool Children

Elahe Vahidi, Amir Aminyazdi, Hossein Kareshki

Abstract


The study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a parent training program for promoting cognitive performance of young children through enriching the parent-child interactions among mothers of preschool-aged children in Mashhad, Iran. A total of 29 couples of mothers and their children were assigned to an experimental group (n = 16 couples) and a control group (n = 13 couples). Mothers in the experimental group participated in 12 weekly sessions and were trained how to enrich their daily parent-child interactions as such. Children’s cognitive performance was assessed by three subscales of the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI). The results of the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) indicated a significant difference between the experimental and control group. The findings support the effectiveness of the parent training program for enhancing cognitive performance in preschoolers.

Keywords


parent training program; parent-child interactions; preschool children; cognitive performance

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https://doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v13i3.1381