Five Dimensions of European Identity: A Contribution to the Italian Adaptation and Validation of the In-Group Identification Scale
Francesco La Barbera
Department of Political Science, University of Napoli “Federico II”, Naples, Italy
Department of Humanities, University of Napoli “Federico” II, Naples, Italy
Recent approaches define collective identity as a multi-component construct. Nonetheless, there is a lack of research about the dimensionality of in-group identification in relation to European Identity. Leach and colleagues (2008) proposed a framework of in-group identification, in which they distinguish five main components integrated into two higher-order dimensions. In two studies we examined the validity of the Italian version of the In-Group Identification Scale by Leach et al., with a focus on European identity. Confirmatory factor analyses revealed that the hierarchical model of in-group identification fitted the data well (Study 1); the measure was shown to have satisfactory convergent and divergent validity. In Study 2, the relations between European identification and several possible antecedents and outcomes were examined.