Organizational commitment in Spanish and Italian volunteers: A comparative study


  • María Celeste Dávila
  • Juan Francisco Díaz-Morales
  • Marianna Pasquini
  • Marco Giannini


Recently, it has been demonstrated that attitudes toward an organization impact upon sustained volunteerism. We compared Spanish and Italian volunteers using the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ) and then investigated how organizational commitment related to the intention to remain in the organization. Confirmatory and multiple-groups confirmatory factor analysis were used to assess factor structure and structural invariance across the two countries. The results showed that a two-factor model of organizational commitment best characterized the OCQ structure for both samples. Factorial invariance across countries was demonstrated for both factors (Involvement and Acceptance). When we examined the relations between each invariant factor and the intention to remain, Acceptance was the factor that accounted for more variation in the intention to remain.